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openmusic:dev-resources:containers [2011/01/28 18:50]
jean-admin
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-===== Containers and simple containers ===== 
- 
-In OM, every musical object is an instance of some subclass of either **simple-container** (atomic objects) or **container** (compound object). 
- 
- 
-This is the (partial) inheritance tree starting at **simple-container**: 
- 
-{{ :openmusic:dev-resources:containerclasses.gif| }} 
- 
- 
-.. and this is the class definitions: 
- 
-<code lisp> 
-  (defclas simple-container () 
-    ((parent :initform nil) 
-     (Qvalue :initform 1) 
-     (QTempo :initform 60) 
-     (offset :initform 0) 
-     (extent :initform 1))) 
-  
-  (defclas container (simple-container) 
-    ((inside :initform nil))) 
-</code> 
- 
-The slot //inside// in a //container// stores a list of sub-containers that are either instances of //container// (nodes of the container tree) or //simple-container// (leaves of the container tree). 
- 
-These sub-containers are positioned and dimensioned in time. 
- 
-All the slots that give the time specification (//QValue//, //Qtempo//, //offset//, //extent//) are defined in the class //simple-container// (remember that a //container// is also a //simple-container//). 
- 
-Subcontainers are really sub-trees of the container tree. They define a local time scale, in the following way: 
- 
- 
- 
-  * **qvalue** is an integer, such that 1 / //qvalue// defines a rational fraction of the quarter note.\\ This is the abstract time unit in which the //extent// is expressed 
-  * **qtempo** is an integer. Defines a tempo expressed as a frequency of the quarter note per minute (e.g. q.n. = 60).\\ Gives an interpretation of //Qvalue// in the physical time. 
-  * **offset** is an integer.\\ Time offset of the container from the beginning of its super-container. //offset// is expressed in the time scale defined by the //qvalue// slot of the super-container. 
-  * **extent** is an integer. Expresses the duration of the container, in the time scale defined by the //qvalue//. 
- 
- 
-The following pictures show the container tree-structure. The slots //offset, qvalue and extent// are drawn inside or outside the container rectangle, depending on the time scale in which they are expressed. 
- 
-{{ :openmusic:dev-resources:simple-container.gif }} 
- 
-{{ :openmusic:dev-resources:container.gif }} 
- 
- 
-Using the //qvalue// mechanism, a local time scale can be defined at each level of the container tree. This helps maintaining complex container structures where some parts could belong to score level time scales while other could belong to audio level time scales, while still restraining to integer computation. Restraining to integer computation is very important for rhythm quantization issues. 
- 
- 
-Here is an example where we use some musical subclasses of //container// and //simple-container//: 
- 
- 
-//Voice// is a subclass of //container//. It defines a musical voice in a score. Its //inside// slot is a list of //measure//, another //container//. 
-The //inside// slot of //measures// are either single //notes// (//simple-container//), //chords// or //groups// (//container//). //Groups// are groups of chords or notes that belong to a beat (e.g. three chords making a triplet). 
- 
-The next picture shows the instantiation tree starting from //voice//. The arrows express the //inside// slot of the object they start from. 
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-{{ :openmusic:dev-resources:voice-struct.gif }} 
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- 
- 
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-{{ :openmusic:dev-resources:mesure.gif|}} 
-Here is an example of a measure: 
- 
-and the instantiation tree showing the values for //qvalue//, //offset// and //extent// slots 
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-{{:openmusic:dev-resources:mesure-classes.gif|}} 
- 
- 
-Here is another example where we superpose the previous //voice// and an //audio file// which lasts 1230 ms. 
- 
-{{:openmusic:dev-resources:poly-classes.gif|}} 
- 
  
 


openmusic/dev-resources/containers.1296237038.txt.gz · Dernière modification: 2011/01/28 18:50 par jean-admin